Industrial Applications of Lipase
1. Lipases in nature
Lipase, the full name of triacylglycerol hydrolase, can catalyze the hydrolysis of ester bonds at the lipid-water interface, and can catalyze the hydrolysis, alcoholysis, esterification, transesterification and reverse synthesis of esters of triacylglycerides and other water-insoluble esters.
Lipases are widely found in animals, plants and microorganisms. Due to the variety of microorganisms, wide distribution, strong adaptability, and fast evolution, lipases in microorganisms often have a wider range of temperature, pH and action than those derived from animals and plants Advantages such as substrate specificity. Microorganisms are the main source of lipase in industry.
2. Industrial application of lipase
Lipase is widely used in industrial production. For example, lipases in food industry are used in meat degreasing, flour improvement, oil modification, cheese processing, wine making and sauce processing. In the feed industry, lipase is compounded with other carbohydrate degrading enzymes to form a compound enzyme as a feed additive, which can effectively improve feed utilization.
Lipase is also widely used in the biological resolution of chiral compounds in the pharmaceutical and fine chemical industries. In the paper industry, lipase can realize the enzymatic removal of rosin in wood pulp.
In the biodiesel industry, lipase can be used to catalyze the transesterification reaction between fats and scission alcohols, and for enzymatic synthesis of biodiesel. Lipase is also widely used in the washing industry, leather processing and textile industry.